Spanish lifeguards guide a boat of migrants and refugees to land on the Greek island of Lesvos. As many migrants and refugees arrived in Europe in October 2015 as in the whole of 2014.

Spanish volunteer lifeguards guide a boat of migrants and refugees to land on the Greek island of Lesvos. As many migrants and refugees arrived in Europe in October 2015 as in the whole of 2014.

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An Afghan migrant attempting to travel to Italy scales a security fence at the international port in Patras, Greece. Once in the international port, migrants attempt to smuggle themselves in or under lorries traveling to EU cities.

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A mother and her son stand on the beach near Molyvos, Lesvos, Greece, after being smuggled on a boat from Turkey.
A mother and her son stand on the beach near Molyvos, Lesvos, Greece, after being smuggled on a boat from Turkey.
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Greece 2010-2018. 


Getting smuggled to Greece means crossing water. Whether it be the Aegean Sea or the Evros river, the majority or migrants and refugees need to cross water in order to reach Greece. 


2015 brought huge changes to the status quo of pervious years with the number of irregular entries in October 2015 alone, almost matching the figure for the whole of 2014. 


Islands in the Aegean, villages in Thrace and the backstreets of Athens all felt the affects of global inequality, conflicts, politics and climate change. 


This series shot in Lesvos, Kos, Patras, Athens and Thrace's Evros region bordering Turkey, shows a small part of the arrivals, the attempted escapes, the hiding, the waiting and sometimes the death of people crossing water to reach Greece and the European Union.

A young Yemeni migrant waves at a passenger ferry as it passes the Greek port of Patras, headed towards Italy. 
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A group of migrants and refugees after just arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos, after being smuggled from Turkey.
A group of migrants and refugees after just arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos, after being smuggled from Turkey.
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A woman from Afghanistan sits on a bench in the port of Molyvos, Lesvos island, Greece after being rescued by the Hellenic Coast Guard. She was rescued from a rubber dinghy which had engine trouble and left her stranded between Turkey and Greece. Suffering from hypothermia and having witnessed the death of several travel companions, her face is expressionless. 

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Migrants and refugees walk away from the dinghy they arrived on, after crossing from Turkey onto the Greek island of Lesvos.
Migrants and refugees walk away from the dinghy they arrived on, after crossing from Turkey onto the Greek island of Lesvos.
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A young Afghan girl stands wrapped in a heat blanket on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece. She just arrived on a dinghy from Turkey.
A young Afghan girl stands wrapped in a heat blanket on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece. She just arrived on a dinghy from Turkey.
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The reception of the long closed Hotel Captain Elias on the Greek island of Kos. Hundreds of migrants sleep in the hotel's few rooms, reception, terrace and outisde in the grounds around the swiming pool.

The reception of the long closed Hotel Captain Elias on the Greek island of Kos. Hundreds of migrants sleep in the hotel's few rooms, reception, terrace and outside in the grounds around the swimming pool. The Greek island of Kos has become a major arrival point for thousands of irregular migrants seeking to reach the EU from nearby Turkey.

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A boat carrying around 150 Syrian refugees lands on the Greek island of Lesvos. People are helped off by volunteers and other refugees.
A boat carrying around 150 Syrian refugees lands on the Greek island of Lesvos. People are helped off by volunteers and other refugees.
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An Algerian man scales the fence surrounding the international port in Patras, Greece. From here ferries travel frequently to Italy and further afield.

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The Evros river which forms the natural border between Greece (near side) and the Republic of Turkey (far side). The river is a major crossing point for migrants attempting to enter the European Union illegally.  

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Seven Pakistani men that were found in Greek waters, paddling from Turkey, that were rescued by the Hellenic Coastguard arrive on European soil at the Greek port of Kos.
Seven Pakistani men that were found in Greek waters, paddling from Turkey, that were rescued by the Hellenic Coastguard arrive on European soil at the Greek port of Kos.
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An Afghan migrant hides himself behind a palm tree, from a Greek border patrol car in the grounds of the international port of Patras, Greece. 

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The Hellenic Red Cross treat an Afghan man after the boat he was using to enter Greece from Turkey had engine trouble, and he spend three hours at sea in cold temperatures. Molyvos harbour, Lesvos island, Greece.
The Hellenic Red Cross treat an Afghan man after the boat he was using to enter Greece from Turkey had engine trouble, and he spend three hours at sea in cold temperatures. Molyvos harbour, Lesvos island, Greece.
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An Afghan migrant attempts to smuggle himself under a vehicle headed to Italy, after scaling the security fence surrounding the international port in Patras, Greece. 
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An Afghan man stands on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece after just arriving from Turkey on a rubber dinghy.
An Afghan man stands on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece after just arriving from Turkey on a rubber dinghy.
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A female asylum seeker cooking on an open fire in the makeshift settlement next to the official Moria refugee camp site. Scattered amongst the olive groves, around 1500 people live in tents and shelters in this unofficial site.

A female asylum seeker cooking on an open fire in the makeshift settlement next to the official Moria refugee camp site. Scattered amongst the olive groves, around 1500 people live in tents and shelters in this unofficial site. March 2018

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A Syrian boy stands on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece, wearing a foil blanket designed to prevent wind and create warmth.
A Syrian boy stands on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece, wearing a foil blanket designed to prevent wind and create warmth.
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Newly arrived migrants and refugees to Greece, stand on a beach on the northern coastline of Lesvos island.
Newly arrived migrants and refugees to Greece, stand on a beach on the northern coastline of Lesvos island.
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The area around the swimming pool of the Hotel Captain Elias on the Greek island of Kos has become a home to the hundreds of irregular migrants arriving from Turkey each day, before they move onwards to Athens.
The area around the swimming pool of the Hotel Captain Elias on the Greek island of Kos has become a home to the hundreds of irregular migrants arriving from Turkey each day, before they move onwards to Athens.
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A Syrian girl on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece. She just arrived from Turkey on a rubber dinghy wearing her favourite clothes, all in matching pink.
A Syrian girl on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece. She just arrived from Turkey on a rubber dinghy wearing her favourite clothes, all in matching pink.
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A Sudanese (L) and an Eritrean migrant (R) walk towards a police station near the Greek town of Tychero, after smuggling themselves across the Evros river from Turkey earlier in the morning.

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A father and holds his child as they arrive in Europe via a boat from Turkey. The number of refugees and migrants arriving to Europe in October 2015 was equal to the total arrivals of 2014 according to UNHCR figures.
A father and holds his child as they arrive in Europe via a boat from Turkey. The number of refugees and migrants arriving to Europe in October 2015 was equal to the total arrivals of 2014 according to UNHCR figures.
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A young girl sits on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece, after just arriving in Europe by dinghy from Turkey.
A young girl sits on a beach near Molyvos, Lesvos island in Greece, after just arriving in Europe by dinghy from Turkey.
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An Iraqi lady is helped to safety by Spanish volunteer lifeguards, after arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos.
An Iraqi lady is helped to safety by Spanish volunteer lifeguards, after arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos.
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A Pakistani migrant uses a public telephone as a Greek police car passes in the port area of Alexandropolis, north-eastern Greece, 2011

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Partas, Greece. A migrant from Afghanistan look out to sea. 2010

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Sitting in a park where they sleep, two men from Pakistan and Afghanistan return from the port in Patras where they were unsuccessful in smuggling themselves onto Italy.

A failed attempt to climb and hide under a lorry headed to Italy from the Greek port city of Patras, 2010

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Graffiti on the wall of a car park along what is known as "the runway," where migrants chase trucks boarding ships to Italy in the Greek port city of Patras, a major transit hub for migrants. 

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On the border road metres from the Evros river, which marks the border between Greece and Turkey, newly arrived migrants walk in search of a Greek police station, where they wish to register themselves.

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A migrant from Afghanistan sits in Patras, a major hub for those wishing to travel to Italy illegally by boat. 

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Dutch border police assist their Greek counterparts as part of a joint EU Frontex border security mission, Orestiada, Greece
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The graves of migrants that fell victim to the Evros river whilst attempting to cross from Turkey to Greece. The identities of those buried here are unknown. Graves are unmarked and sometimes hold multiple bodies.2010, Sidiro, Greece

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Migrants that have just crossed into Greece from Turkey in the early hours of the morning before sunrise. Evros river, Greece, 2011

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